Knowledge Center

DEFINITION: The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires federal agencies to use a minimum of five race categories: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Note that Hispanic  is defined as an ethnic heritage and people who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be any race.1

 

U.S. Demographics 2013 

  • White (not Hispanic) 62.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino 17.1%
  • African-American  13.2%
  • Asian 5.3%
  • American Indian & Alaska Native 1.2%
  • Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander 0.2%2
  • The population of people of color in the United States is on the rise. People of color currently comprise approximately 39% of the population and are projected to comprise approximiately 57% of the population by 2060.3

People of Color in the Labor Force

  • 34.3% of the labor force was people of color in 2012.4
    • Projected to increase to 39.2% by 2022.5

 

  • 11.8% of  Executive/Senior Level Officials and Managers and 21.0% of all First/Mid-Level Officials and Managers in 2012 were people of color according to EEOC data.6

Women of Color on Boards 

 

  • Women of color held 3.2% of board seats in the Fortune 500 in 2013, down from 3.3% in 2012.(White women held 13.7% for Fortune 500 board seats).7
    • Women of color held 3.0% of board seats in both 2010 and 2011 and 3.1% in 2009.8

 

Bachelor Degrees Earned by People of Color 2011-2012

  • White = 67.6%
  • African American = 10.4%
  • Hispanic = 9.5%
  • Asian/Pacific Islander = 7.0%9

 

African American Women

  • In 2013:
    • 9,846,000 (6.3%) = Number of African American women in the labor force. 10
    • 5.3% of all people employed  in management, professional, and related occupations are African American women  (2,901,000). 11
    • 10.9% of all Fortune 500 women director positions in 2013 were held by African American women. 12
  • In 2012, 1.9% of Fortune 500 board seats held by African-American women (compared to 5.5% by African-American men) .13
  • Projections for 2022:
    • 6.5% =  Projected percentage of African American women in the labor force.14
    • 9.1% = Projected percent change of African American women in the labor force between 2012 and 2022 15

 

Educational Achievement of African Americans





Degree





African American Women Total Number Degrees

African American women
% of Total Degrees Earned



African American Men
Total Number  Degrees

African American Men
% of Total Degrees Earne
d

Bachelor’s
degrees in
2011-201216
121,908 6.8% 63,610  3.6% 
Master’s
degrees in
2011-201217
60,172 8.0%  25,143   3.3%  
Doctoral
degrees in 2011-201218
7,632  4.5% 4,108    2.4%

 

 

 

 

Latinas

 

  • In 2013:
    • 10,430,000 (6.7%) = Number of Hispanic women or Latinas in the labor force: 19
    •  55.7% = Percentage of Hispanic or Latina women who participated in the labor force20
    • 4.4% of all people employed in management, professional, and related occupations were Latinas 2,420,000. 21
    • 4.4% of all Fortune 500 women board directors in 2013 were Latinas.
      • In both 2011 and 2012 Latinas were 4.9% of all Fortune 500 women board directors.22
  • Projections for 2022:
    • 8.1%= Projected percentage of Latinas in the labor force. 23
    • 27.9%= Projected percent change of women of Hispanic origin in the labor force between 2012 and 2022.24

 

 

Educational Achievement Latinas and Latinos

 

Degree

Hispanic Women Total Number Degrees

Hispanic Women % of Total Degrees Earned

Hispanic Men Total Number Degrees

Hispanic Men  % of Total Degrees Earned

Bachelor’s
degrees in 2011-201225

102,586  5.7% 67,060 3.7%
Master’s degrees in 2011-201226 32,415 4.3% 18,849 2.5%
Doctor’s degrees in 2011-201227 5,000 2.9% 4,215  2.5 %

 

 

Asian American Women

  • In 2013:
    • 4,037,000 (2.6%) = Number of Asian women in the labor force:28
    • 57.1% = perecentage of Asian women who participated in the labor force: 29
    • 3.4% of all people employed in management, professional, and related occupations were Asian women (1,843,000).30
    • 3.3% of all Fortune 500 women director positions in 2013 were held by Asian women. 31
  • In 2012, 0.5% of  Fortune 500 board seats held by Asian Pacific Islander women (compared to 2.0% held by Asian Pacific Islander men). 32

Projections for 2022:

  • 2.9% = Projected percentage of Asian women in the labor force. 33
  • 24.4% = Projected percent change of Asian women in the labor force between 2012 and 2022.34

Educational Achievement Asian/Pacific Islanders




Degree

Asian/Pacific Islander Women Total Number Degrees

Asian/Pacific Islander Women % of degrees earned

Asian/Pacific Islander Men Total Number Degrees

Asian/Pacific Islander Men % of Degrees Earned

Bachelor’s degrees in 2011-201235 68,637   3.8% 57,510   3.2%
Master’s degrees in 2011-201236 24,626 3.3% 20,774 2.8%
Doctoral degrees in 2011-201237 10,101   5.89%

7,792

 

4.6%

 

 

How to cite this product: Catalyst. Quick Take: People of Color in the United States. New York: Catalyst, September 17, 2014.

Notes:

*Non-resident aliens are not included in the calculation for people of color.

†Data is based on information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census. Comparable data is not available for all groups.