Knowledge Center

Population

  • In July 2012, women were 50.4% of Canada's total population.1
  • In 2006, women were 52.1% of Canada's visible minority population.2
  • In 2006, women’s share of total same-sex unions in Canada was 45.4%.3
  • In 2008, 82.5% of lone-parent families were headed by women.4

Educational Achievement

  • In 2008, women were awarded 60.0% of degrees, diplomas or certificates from Canadian universities.5

Labour Force

In 2011:

  • Women ages 15 and older were 47.3% of the labour force,6 up from 37.1% in 1976.7
  • 62.3% of all women ages 15 and older worked,8 up from 42.0% in 1976.9
  • Women made up 67.3% of the part-time workforce.10
  • 26.8% of all women in the paid workforce worked part-time at their main job, compared with 12.2% of employed men.11
  • Women comprised 51.0% of people aged 60 to 64 participating in the labour force.12

In 2006:

  • Women were 47.9% of the visible minority labour force.13

Management

In 2013:

  • Women made up 34.6% of management occupations.14
  • Women made up 33.1% of senior management occupations.15
  • In 2013, women held 15.9% of Financial Post 500 corporate board seats.16
  • In January 2014, women were 5.1% of Financial Post 500 company heads.17
  • In 2012, women held 18.1% of Financial Post 500 senior officer positions.18

Earnings

In 2008:

  • The average earnings for full-year, full-time female workers was $44,700. For male workers, the average was $62,600.19
  • Women earned an average of 71.4% of men's earnings.20
  • 42% of wives earned approximately the same as or more than their husbands.21
  • 51% of wives earned at least 45% of the family total income.22
  • 18% of dual-earner wives are their families' primary breadwinners (defined as bringing in more than 55% of the household income) when measuring in hourly earnings.23

How to cite this product: Catalyst. Quick Take: Women in the Labour Force in Canada. New York: Catalyst, March 3, 2014.