Knowledge Center

Population, Education, Management, Gender Gap, and Political Representation

 

 

  • Latin America is one of the worst places when it comes to wage equality.1
    • 17 out of 18 countries in Latin America ranked among the bottom 41 nations out of 131 nations in a wage equality survey.
Management

 

  • One study from 2005 found that 64% of the 100 largest publicly-listed companies in Latin America do not have any women on their board of directors.2
  • According to the Latin Business Chronicle, only 9 (1.8%) of Latin American companies are run by women. 3
    • The 77 companies with female executives in upper management account for 15.4 percent of the Latin 500. 

 

Women CEOs 4

  • There were 9 women CEOs among Latin America’s top 500 companies.
    • This means women lead only 1.8% of the top 500 Latin American companies
  • 77 (15.4%) companies out of the top 500 in Latin America have a woman executive in upper management.
Educational Achievement

 

Economic and Political Participation

The Global Gender Gap Index is measured by the World Economic Forum. In 2011 it ranked 134 countries on the size of their gender gap between women and men in four areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, political empowerment, and health and survival. The lower the number, the smaller the gap is between women and men. 5

Polical Representation

WOMEN’S SHARE OF PARLIAMENT SEATS—SOUTH AMERICA6

Country Women’s Share of Lower or Single House Seats Women’s Share of Upper House Seats, If Applicable
Argentina

 

37.4% 38.9%
Bolivia

 

25.4% 47.2%
Brazil

 

8.6% 16.0%
Chile

 

14.2% 13.2%
Colombia

 

12.1% 16.0%
Ecuador

 

32.3% N/A
Guyana

 

31.3% N/A
Paraguay

 

12.5% 15.6%
Peru

 

21.5% N/A
Suriname

 

11.8% N/A
Venezuela

 

17.0% N/A

 

 

WOMEN’S SHARE OF PARLIAMENT SEATS—CENTRAL AMERICA7

Country Women’s Share of Lower or Single House Seats Women’s Share of Upper House Seats, If Applicable
Belize

 

3.1% 38.5%
Costa Rica

 

38.6% N/A
El Salvador

 

26.2% N/A
Guatamala

 

13.3% N/A
Honduras

 

19.5% N/A
Nicaragua

 

40.2% N/A
Panama

 

8.5% N/A

 

 

How to cite this product: Catalyst. Catalyst Quick Take: Women in the Labor Force in Latin America. New York: Catalyst, 2012.