Knowledge Center

Population

  • In 2014, Mexico’s total population was 120,286,655, which makes it the twelfth most populous country in the world, following China, India and the United States.1
    • Women are 50.9% of the general population of Mexico.2
  •  27.9% of Mexico’s population is under 15 years old (compared to worldwide average of 26%).3
    • Mexico is aging. 19.8% of the population is expected to be elderly (aged 65 and over), compared to just 6.6% of the population today.4
    • Mexico's birth rate is falling with 2.2 births in 2012 (just above replacement level).5

Labor Force

  • In 2012, the total labor force ages 15 and older was 52,847,521 (62% of the total population 15 and older).6
    •  79% of men are in the labor force compared to 45% of women.7
    • In 2020, women are projected to be 47% of the total labor force (22,704,200).8
  • Women make 57% of men's salaries.9

Women in Leadership

  • In 2013, women comprised 7% of women on boards of listed companies.10
  • In 2013, 45% of professional and technical workers were women and 31% were legislators, senior officials and managers.11
  • In 2013, women made up 23% of senior management positions (compared to China 51%, Poland 48%, U.S. 20%).12
  •  In Mexico's National Congress, women hold 37.4% of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 34.4% of seats in the Senate.13


Education

  • In 2011, 21% of Mexico's youth are expected to complete their university education.14
    • 28% of women and 29% of men are enrolled in tertiary education.15
  • In 2012 the percentage of women enrolled in specific undergraduate degree programs included:  
    • 14%  Engineering, construction, manufacturing
    • 5.4% Sciences
    • 47.3% Social Sciences, business and law. 16
  • Women are entitled to 12 weeks of maternity leave.17
  • Mexico ranked 68 out of 136 countries  in the 2013 Gender Gap Index.18

How to cite this product: Catalyst. Quick Take: Women in the Labor Force in Mexico. New York: Catalyst, 2014.